Editorial managertm for society of petrophysicists. Production of basic oils by hydrocracking of heavy. Heavy oil includes very viscous oil resources like those found in some fields in california and venezuela, oil shale, and tar sands called oil sands in canada. Heavy oil upgrading by the separation and gasification of. Solvent deasphalting is used in refineries processing heavy crude oils to upgrade heavy bottoms streams to deasphalted oil that may be processed to produce. Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua chemical. Production of basic oils by hydrocracking of heavy distillate.
The products of petroleum refining must meet tight specifications, including limits on sulfur, nitrogen, olefins, aromatics, and other contaminants. Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua introduces fundamental concepts and current technology alongside an indepth analysis of the chemistry and physics involved. The viscosity reduction has a temperature threshold for onset of 290 cthis suggests an enhanced acid cracking regime associated with the maximisation of water dissociation at these conditions aided by the already increased solubility. Table of contents for hydroprocessing of heavy oils and. It discusses hydrocracking processes and hydrocracking technology in catalytic dewaxing, resid upgrading, and fluid catalytic cracking feedstock improvement. Typical amounts of impurities of different petroleum are shown in table 3. Purchase hydrogenation of fats and oils 2nd edition. In chapter 2, a brief introduction to fticr principles and the figures of. Hydrocarbon liquid production via catalytic hydroprocessing of phenolic oils fractionated from fast pyrolysis of red oak and corn stover douglas c. These four kinds of technologies previously were studied separately, which were not systematically integrated together. Seismic properties of heavy oils measured data dehua han jiajin liu and michael batzle.
Effects of hydroprocessing on structure and properties of base oils using nmr brajendra k. Studies on the chemical reactions of heavy oils under steam stimulation condition aostra journal of research, 1990, 6. Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua with the availability of very sophisticated gas chromatographymass spectrometry gcms, highperformance liquid chromatography hplc, and other instruments. Suvorov as a result of many years of joint efforts of the institute of fossil fuels igi and groznii grozny petroleum scientificresearch institute, a closely held joint stock company, technology has been developed for. Box 999, msin p860, richland, washington 99352, united states marjorie rover, lysle whitmer, ryan smith, and robert brown. A series of experiments, including hot water flooding, solvent injection and hot water combined with solvent hwcs injection process, were conducted to displace heavy oil through the core flooding tests. The heavier feed components in the blends cover heavy coker gas oil hcgo, heavy vacuum gas oil hvgo, light cycle oil lco and deasphalted oil dao. Similar to engine oils, there is a monograde version and a multigrade version for hydraulic oils. Uops hydroprocessing reactor internals are custom designed and fabricated for each application to ensure maximum performance over the desired range of operating conditions. Enhanced viscosity reduction in heavy oils by subcritical. Kandiyoti and others published hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua. These resources were composed mainly of conventional oil reserves with high market value and whose production and processing consist of simple and. Processes and catalysts for hydrocracking of heavy oil and. Heavy oil production enhancement by viscosity reduction.
In a process for hydrocracking heavy hydrocarbon oil wherein a slurry of said heavy oil and an additive or catalyst is subjected to hydroconversion conditions in the presence of hydrogen in a vertical hydroconversion column such that a liquidgas interface is formed in an upper section of said column and foaming conditions are created in the column, said foaming conditions. Swri recently commissioned this heavy oil upgrade pilot plant facility to evaluate convert ing heavy oil or residual oil into highquality synthetic crude oil. Their performance and oil recovery factors were recorded and compared to. Heavy oil, petroleum residua, oil refinery, hydroprocessing. Rana and others published hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua. Hydrocracking, processing heavy feedstocks to maximize. Q8oils handel is a q8oils haydn to which a viscosity improver has been added, enabling it to be used with variable ambient temperature. Feb 12, 20 improvements in the selective extraction of relatively low molecular weight oils from coal, coal liquids, oil shales, shale oils, oil sands, heavy and semi heavy oils, bitumens, and the like are provided by a continuous process involving contacting the material to be treated with supercritical water in a continuous operation at pressures of. Hydrocracking of heavy oils and residua december 2008 hydrocracking of heavy oils and residua is increasingly import to refiners due to increased global production of heavy and extra heavy crude oils coupled with increased demand worldwide for low sulfur middle distillates and residual fuel oils. This study identified several surfactantdemulsifier formulations that can reduce the viscosity of such heavy fluids by as much as 3 orders of magnitude. Hfdu hydraulic oils condat d 4668 are certified with fm global factory mutual approval, and the oil condat d 68 is also approved by the american organisation msha. Samples nn and pao are naphthenic neutral and polyalphaolefin base oils respectively. The determination of nitrogencontaining compounds in. These feed blends are processed in hydrocracking units with various objectives and flow schemes including singlestage oncethrough and recycle as well as twostage and separate hydrotreat.
Flowsheet optimization of a lubricant base oil 319 separated from hydrogen in a highpressure separator. A study has been made of the process of twostage hydrocracking of a heavy distillate raw material, obtaining oils and fuel products. Thus it is necessary to consider the development of cheap nonthermal methods for the recovery of these heavy oils. The focus of this study is on methods to improve the production of heavy oils and very viscous emulsions such as are found in california, canada, and venezuela. Upgrading of waste oils into transportation fuels using hydrotreating technologies. While most resources on hydroprocessing concentrate ongas oil and lower boiling products, this book details the chemistry involved and the process modifications required for. Thermal recovery technology are widely used to enhance heavy oil recovery, the four most important of which are thermal modification, subcritical water modification, catalytic modification and catalytic modification with hydrogen donor. Hydrocracking and hydrotreating refining processes needed for increasing heavy oil demands utilizing hydroconversion refining for world oil demand and heavy oil processing obstacle. Heating oils diesel residual fuel oils lubricant greases waxes asphalts heavy naphtha kerosene distillate ago lvgo hvgo vacuum residuum cat distillates gas oil hydrotreating dao isomerate gas alkyl feed alkylate polymerization naphtha gases butanes lpg reformate naphtha fuel oil bottoms distillates distillate hydrotreating cat naphtha cycle. Apr 04, 2012 the products of petroleum refining must meet tight specifications, including limits on sulfur, nitrogen, olefins, aromatics, and other contaminants.
Many technologies are available to produce heavy oil. Enhanced oil recovery of heavy oils by nonthermal chemical. Hydrocarbon liquid production via catalytic hydroprocessing. The recycle compressor pumps the recycle gas obtained at the top of the scrubber. Hydrocracking of heavy oils and residua is increasingly import to refiners due to increased global production of heavy and extra heavy crude oils coupled with increased demand worldwide for low sulfur middle distillates and residual fuel oils. Rana and others published hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Total sulphur removal rate reaches 3050%, but nitrogenous compounds and organometallic compounds are 3550 and 95% respectively. Antifoam to achieve high conversion in hydroconversion of. The oil at the bottom of the highpressure separator is expanded in. Base oil pn is a paraffinic neutral and the sample obtained after its hydrogenation is hpn. Research on hydrothermal modification of heavy oil. In this work, the viscosity and laboratory nmr measurements on the recombined live heavy oils as a function of dissolved gas concentrations were performed. Hydropyrolysis of heavy oils tomoji hikita, iruru takahashi and yoshimichi tsuru research and development institute, tokyo gas company, ltd. It has been shown that by twostage hydrocracking of a heavy vacuum distillate it is possible to obtain 60% of oil products including 38% of highspecification oil and 40% fuel products including about 30%.
We determine the chemical changes associated with viscosity reduction when heavy oil is cracked in subcritical water. Hydrocracking, processing heavy feedstocks to maximize high. Chemicals such as alkali, surfactant and polymer are used to demonstrate improved recovery over waterflooding for two oils a. There are two major causes for the catalyst deactivation, i. Suvorov as a result of many years of joint efforts of the institute of fossil fuels igi and groznii grozny petroleum scientificresearch institute, a closely held joint stock company, technology has been. Heavy petroleum is constituted by heavy hydrocarbons, and several metals riazi, 2005. Reservoir characterization and production monitoring. Asphaltenes are coke precursors which lead to catalyst deactivation in the hydroprocessing of heavy feedstocks. Using current technology, the text shows how heavier feedstocks may be treated in hydroprocesses to afford maximum yields of highvalue products. Municipal and industrial wastes contain high heat values in the form of waste oils such as waste plastics oil wpo, waste cooking oil. A summary of previous and new technologies for the upgrading of heavy oils and residua, compiling information on the history of hydrotreating reactions, catalysts design and a description of the. Pdf effect of asphaltenes on hydroprocessing of heavy. Heavyoil production represents the majority of longterm petroleum production in western canada. Hydrocracking and hydrotreating refining processes needed for.
Upgrading of waste oils into transportation fuels using. Over seven years, future energy systems plans to support more than 100 researchers and up to 1,000 highly qualified personnel hqp, including graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. Reservoir characterization and heavy oil production cseg. Particularly, hydrotreating process plays important roles in producing so. Api gravity was measured according astmd287 method. Enhanced viscosity reduction in heavy oils by subcritical water. While most resources on hydroprocessing concentrate ongas oil and lower boiling products, this book details the chemistry involved and the process modifications required for the hydroprocessing of heavy crude oils and residua. This study identified several surfactantdemulsifier formulations that can reduce the viscosity of such. Method for extracting and upgrading of heavy and semi. Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua illustrates how to obtain maximum yields of highvalue products from heavy oils and residue using hydroprocessing technologies. Given the prediction that most of alberta oil production in the 21st century will come from existing heavy oil fields, there is a growing demand for the synergistic integration of geology, geophysics, and reservoir engineering in order to optimize production from these fields. Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua 1st edition.
Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua jorge ancheyta. Ted cyr, alberta department of energy, 11th floor, 9945108 st. Hence refinery capability is to process heavier crude oil and its residues that involve. Reservoir heterogeneity and characterization in deltaic depositional systems outcrop analogs for heavy oil and oil sand developments by grant d. The first process hydrocracks vacuum residue in ebullated bed reactors in a single stage without heavy oil recycle. A thesis submitted to the faculty of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree master of science. Physical and chemical properties of heavy oil and products were characterized. Hydrocracking and hydrotreating refining processes needed. Table of contents for hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua. Alberta alberta basin amplitude analysis api gravity approximately asphaltenes athabasca athabasca oil sands attenuation batzle bitumen bulk modulus calculated calgary canada sedimentary basin carbonate changes cold production correlation crosswell decrease deformation density deposits devonian dolomite facies figure 11 foamy oil frequency. Known worldwide, fm approval of condat d 46 and condat d 68 allows our customers to be assured that our.
The details of the lubricant base oils and fractions used in this study along with physicochemical characteristics are given in table 1. Reservoir heterogeneity and characterization in deltaic. Figure 1 indicates schematically the various combination of fluid and catalyst flows that can be found in commercial reactors. The vast reserves in the athabasca, wabasca, cold lake and lloydminster areas will undoubtedly be exploited during the coming decades. The gas generated is sent to a water scrubber for hydrocarbon, h 2s and nh 3 retention. A large number of technology have been developed to overcome the troubles generated by the use of high reaction temperature in the processing of heavy feeds containing metals contaminants like oil residua.
The determination of nitrogencontaining compounds in heavy. Hydrocracking science and technology julius scherzer, a. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to heavy crude oil and bitumen processing and refining. Hydrotreating removes these contaminants from distilled crude oil fractions and intermediate process streams.
The viscosity was determined using a rotary viscometer. Fm global is an insurance company that bases its strategy around accident prevention. The volume includes catalytic materials, reaction mechanisms and pathways, as well as hydrocracking processes and applications. Effect of asphaltenes on hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua article pdf available in applied catalysis a general 2951. Precipitation of asphaltenes from heavy oils and residue is a potential cause of catalyst bed plugging. This study investigates nonthermal techniques for the recovery of heavy oils.
Upgrading and hydrotreating of heavy oils and residua. Ghu pilot plant demonstrates capabilities on refinery residuals the increasing global demand of crude oil is turning towards heavier oils. Particularly, hydrotreating process plays important roles in producing so called green oil and is commonly used to coprocess biooil. Hydroprocessing of heavy oils and residua request pdf. Hydrocracking converts heavy oil fractions into lighter, more valuable products. Thus, a method to determine the gas solubility and the insitu viscosity from nmr logs would be very useful in heavy oil and bitumen reservoir development. Technology and challenges roger lott, national centre for upgrading technology ncut, i oil patch drive, suite 129, devon, alberta, canada, t9g ia8.
Aug 27, 2007 chemistry and technology of fuels and oils, iol. Effect of asphaltenes on hydroprocessing of heavy oils and. Method for extracting and upgrading of heavy and semiheavy. Uop equipment specialists oversee the design, fabrication, and installation providing a singlesource responsibility for this critical hydroprocessing technology feature. Effects of hydroprocessing on structure and properties of. Hydroprocessing of heavy oil and residua jorge ancheyta and james g. Abstract a new low cost demetal1ization catalyst for heavy residual oils was developed at the trenton laboratory of hydrocarbon research, inc.788 527 346 1495 320 220 791 1209 646 87 986 954 343 689 44 134 378 759 1443 1173 950 889 552 924 782 697 1079